The International Virtual Institute for Global Changes (IVIG) is well known in the country for its projects aimed at improving and increasing the efficiency of the port system. The Institute was responsible for the environmental management of the dredging works in the ports of Rio de Janeiro, Itaguaí and Angra dos Reis, which are part of a set of enhancements proposed by the federal government to enlarge the role of Brazilian ports. Moreover, IVIG developed the Compliance Program for the Management of Solid Waste and Liquid Effluents in Brazilian Maritime Ports in 22 ports from 14 Brazilian states, and cooperates technically and scientifically with the SEP/PR to implement projects that part of the National Dredging Program (PND) and to revitalize the National Institute for Waterway Research (INPH).
Dredging works are included in the set of enhancements proposed by the federal government with the purpose of improving the Brazilian port sector. As part of the Growth Acceleration Program, these enhancements are implemented by the Special Secretariat of Ports of the Presidency of the Republic (SEP/PR).
The International Virtual Institute for Global Changes (IVIG) was in charge of the environmental management of the dredging works in the ports of Rio de Janeiro, Itajaí and Angra dos Reis, carried out by SEP/PR.
The staff from IVIG implemented the environmental programs needed to ensure the environmental quality of these ports, such as control, monitoring and prevention measures related to the environmental impacts caused by the dredging works. All activities were carried out in accordance with the standards recommended by the documents presented by SEP, which constantly followed the works and analyzed the technical information produced according to the Basic Environmental Plans of all ports.
The Environmental Management Program (PGA) elaborated by IVIG was divided into five sub-programs, and their implementation was integrated in order to meet the goals proposed by the Terms of Reference of all ports. Two additional sub-programs were developed exclusively for the Port of Rio de Janeiro: the Program for Monitoring the Rate of Silting of the Canal do Mangue and the Program for Monitoring the Disposal of Contaminated Sediments in the area authorized by the State Institute of the Environment (INEA).
The following programs were implemented:
IVIG is responsible for the implementation of the Compliance Program for Solid Waste and Liquid Effluents Management in Brazilian Maritime Ports, through the development of environmental, economic, social and technological studies aimed at elaborating a diagnosis and an inventory of solid waste, liquid effluents and harmful synanthropic fauna in 22 maritime ports in Brazil.
The development of an integrated and organized set of solutions which need an efficient management model for its implementation, under supervision of the Special Secretariat of Ports of the Presidency of the Republic (SEP/PR), is very timely. Cooperation with research and development institutions with expertise on the issue is essential, especially for environmental and public health aspects, and provides scientific and technical contributions to the debate and to the cooperative development of technical-scientific studies, as well as a structured program for the integrated management of solid waste and effluents in organized Brazilian ports.
Brazilian ports are in different stages regarding the elaboration, approval and implementation of their Solid Waste Management Plan (PGRS), systems for the management of liquid effluents and integrated programs for controlling and monitoring harmful synanthropic animals.
Studies and researches employed tools to elaborate a precise diagnosis of the current situation of ports regarding their management of solid waste, liquid effluents and harmful synanthropic fauna. From the diagnosis, it was possible to define actions and develop the needed propositions to adapt regulations and create or optimize port management, and it contributed as well with innovating instruments of environmental control in organized national ports, finalizing the first phase of the project which was composed of: survey and classification of solid waste and liquid effluents; characterization of measures, equipment, installations and procedures for control and management; characterization of the proper final destination of waste and effluents, defining a physical and logistic structure for the operation of waste and effluent treatment units; specification of control procedures and monitoring parameters of public health and environmental control; specification of a program for training personnel for all stages of this management.
Survey and classification of solid waste and liquid effluents; characterization of measures, equipment, installations and procedures for control and management; characterization of the proper final destination of waste and effluents, defining a physical and logistic structure for the operation of waste and effluent treatment units; specification of control procedures and monitoring parameters of public health and environmental control; specification of a program for training personnel for all stages of this management (concluded).
The second phase focused on: elaboration of standard operational procedures (SOPs); conceptual and basic projects; elaboration of complementary studies on economic, technical and environmental viability; political and institutional arrangements; and proposals for technologies and energy use related to waste and effluents. The result was the elaboration of the Integrated Plan for the Management of Solid Waste, Liquid Effluents and Harmful Synanthropic Fauna for the 22 Brazilian ports (concluded).
The International Virtual Institute for Global Changes (IVIG) has worked with the Secretariat of Ports of the Presidency of the Republic (SEP/PR) to implement projects that are part of the National Dredging Program (PND) since 2012. The goals of the Institute are: analyze and consolidate information on projects of dredging engineering; conduct scientific and technological researches; elaborate technical studies, evaluations and technical notes, and assisting the SEP in decisions regarding current projects of the PND and of the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC). This work encompasses the elaboration of reports, analyses of basic and executive dredging projects, derocking and the monitoring of dredging works and services in public ports, including those related to environmental issues and their required actions, such as: qualification of silting; storage of information, statistics and composition of dredging costs, including projects of sea marks and intelligent buoy systems for accesses, transit areas and mooring ships to public ports; review access, transit and mooring regulations for ships in public ports; simulation of maneuvers of ships in mooring areas of public ports; definition of draft of waterway accesses to public ports.
Another objective of the Cooperation Term is the restructuration and revitalization of the National Institute of Waterway Research (INPH), a governmental body under control of SEP/PR, to search for innovations and solutions for the port sector.
The Technical Cooperation Term includes 11 goals with specific objectives and specialized staffs. The elaboration of basic projects of dredging, intelligent buoy systems, navigation and environment for 12 Brazilian ports is part of the objective.
The International Center of Reference for Ports and Sustainability (CIRPS) is the first international project of the country focused on the issue of port sustainability and how it relates to society and the environment. Its purpose is to produce and disseminate scientific and technological knowledge on programs, projects and researches carried out by the center or in partnership with other institutions, developing national and global strategic alliances and contributing to the formation of human resources for the port community and society. Learn more about CIRPS at: www.cirps.coppe.ufrj.br